Current strategies primarily use lipid nanoparticles and liposomes for delivery of mRNA for vaccines such as the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines against Covid. The potential for delivery of genetic material has proven itself to be a powerful tool. Recent research has indicated the potential for gene delivery by PLA-PEG-Mal type polymeric particles as a potential therapy for irritable bowel disease. This points to the potential to use this class of polymers for delivery of mRNA and other genes as part of vaccination and other applications. Find these and other polymers at www.polyscitech.com
Verma, Priyanka, Aasheesh Srivastava, Chittur V. Srikanth, and Avinash Bajaj. "Nanoparticle-mediated gene therapy strategies for mitigating inflammatory bowel disease." Biomaterials science 9, no. 5 (2021): 1481-1502.https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlehtml/2020/bm/d0bm01359e
--Abstract: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an autoimmune disorder of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) where Ulcerative Colitis (UC) displays localized inflammation in the colon, and Crohn's Disease (CD) affects the entire GIT. Failure of current therapies and associated side-effects bring forth serious social, economic, and health challenges. The gut epithelium provides the best target for gene therapy delivery vehicles to combat IBD. Gene therapy involving the use of nucleic acid (NA) therapeutics faces major challenges due to the hydrophilic, negative-charge, and degradable nature of NAs. Recent success in the engineering of biomaterials for gene therapy and their emergence in clinical trials for various diseases is an inspiration for scientists to develop gene therapy vehicles that can be easily targeted to the desired tissues for IBD. Advances in nanotechnology have enabled the formulations of numerous nanoparticles for NA delivery to mitigate IBD that still faces challenges of stability in the GIT, poor therapeutic efficacy, and targetability. This review presents the challenges of gene therapeutics, gastrointestinal barriers, and recent advances in the engineering of nanoparticles for IBD treatment along with future directions for successful translation of nanoparticle-mediated gene therapeutics in clinics.