Thursday, February 27, 2014

Gold Nanoparticles as Vaccine Adjuvant


PolySciTech (www.polyscitech.com) provides gold nanoparticle products including polyvivo AO40 (25nm colloidal gold).  Recent research has shown that,, in addition to many other uses, gold nanoparticles elicit immune responses allowing for their application to vaccine technology as an adjuvant. Read more at: Wang, Yong-Tang, Xiu-Min Lu, Feng Zhu, and Min Zhao. "The preparation of gold nanoparticles and evaluation of their immunological function effects on rats." Bio-medical materials and engineering 24, no. 1 (2014): 885-892. http://iospress.metapress.com/content/a396n07862218037/



“Abstract: As a new type of biomaterials, gold nanoparticles (GNPs), also known as colloidal gold (CG), have a wide biomedical application. In this study, GNPs with diameters of 10, 15, and 25 nm were prepared by sodium citrate reduction, and detected by common optical property, ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) absorbance spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscope (SEM), separately for identification of the particle size and uniformity. In order to observe the effects of GNPs on immune function, adult Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were immunized with the above three GNPs, each having three doses of 0.2, 0.4, and 0.6 ml, and rats without immunization served as negative control. After immunization, proliferation activity of blood and spleen lymphocyte and the levels of interleukin-2 (IL-2) in serum and supernatant of spleen lymphocyte were detected by thiazoleblue (MTT) assay and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), respectively. The results indicated that different size of GNPs was prepared, and the uniformity increased with the decrease of the size of particles. Different diameters and doses of GNPs have different effects on proliferation of blood and spleen lymphocyte, as well as the levels of IL-2 in serum and supernatant of spleen lymphocyte. The 15 nm CG in 0.6 ml dose group could most significantly promote blood and spleen lymphocyte proliferation, and enhance IL-2 levels in serum and supernatant of spleen lymphocyte. Taken together, the findings revealed that application of CG prepared by sodium citrate reduction could enhance specific and nonspecific immune responses, and the 0.6 ml dose of 15 nm CG might be the best immunizing dose in rats. This fact may serve as a further evidence for using CG as a novel immunoadjuvant in the future.
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