Friday, May 2, 2014

Targeted nanoparticles made from Mal-PEG-PLA for brain cancer treatment

PolySciTech (www.polyscitech.com) provides a wide array of Mal-PEG-PLA copolymers useful for generating labelled/targeted nanoparticles for drug delivery. Recently these types of polymers have been used for drug-delivery to glioma cells by using the EGFP-EGF1 targeting ligand. Read more: Zhang, Bo, Huafang Wang, Ziwei Liao, Yu Wang, Yue Hu, Jiarong Yang, Shun Shen et al. "EGFP–EGF1-conjugated nanoparticles for targeting both neovascular and glioma cells in therapy of brain glioma." Biomaterials 35, no. 13 (2014): 4133-4145. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S014296121400101X


“Abstract: As neovascular and glioma cells were closely associated and might be mutually promoted in glioma growth, a dual-targeting strategy targeting to both neovascular and glioma cells would be more promising as compared with those targeting one of them. In this study, we reported a drug delivery system where nanoparticles were decorated with EGFP–EGF1 (ENP), a fusion protein derived from factor VII with special affinity for tissue factor (TF) over-expressed in glioma tissues, to facilitate anti-glioma delivery of paclitaxel (PTX) by targeting both neovascular and glioma cells. In vitro protein binding assay demonstrated that EGFP–EGF1 bound well to C6 cells and perturbed human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) with a concentration-dependent manner but not to unperturbed HUVEC. EGFP–EGF1–TF interaction significantly enhanced nanoparticles uptake by perturbed HUVEC and glioma C6 cells as well as nanoparticles penetration in C6 glioma spheroids, and thus improved the cytotoxicity of their payload in both monolayer cells and glioma spheroids models. In vivo imaging of glioma-bearing mice demonstrated the specific accumulation of ENP in glioma tissues. In vivo distribution of nanoparticles intuitively showed ENP mainly sited in both extravascular glioma cells and neovascular cells. Pharmacodynamic results revealed that PTX-loaded ENP (ENP–PTX) significantly prolonged the median survival time of glioma-bearing mice compared with that of any other group. TUNEL assay and H&E staining showed that ENP–PTX treatment induced significantly more cell apoptosis and tumor necrosis compared with other treatments. In conclusion, the results of this contribution demonstrated the great potential of EGFP–EGF1-functionalized nanoparticles for dual-targeting therapy of brain glioma. Keywords: Tissue factor; EGFP–EGF1; Nanoparticles; Dual-targeting therapy; Neovascular cells; Brain glioma”
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