Thursday, June 5, 2014

Lung Cancer treatment by 2-methoxyestradiol loaded PLGA/Chitosan microspheres

PolySciTech (www.polyscitech.com) provides a wide variety of PLGA polymers as well as chitosan derivatives (kitopure). Recently these types of polymers were used to develop an inhaled microparticle system for the delivery of 2-methoxyestradiol to lung tissue with minimal irritation. Read more: Guo, XinHong, XinXin Zhang, Ling Ye, Ying Zhang, Rui Ding, YongWei Hao, YaLin Zhao, ZhenZhong Zhang, and Yun Zhang. "Inhalable microspheres embedding chitosan-coated PLGA nanoparticles for 2-methoxyestradiol." Journal of drug targeting 0 (2014): 1-7. http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs/10.3109/1061186X.2013.878944

“Abstract: Developing a highly effective and lung-targeted local drug delivery carrier with low irritancy may be critical for improving treatment of lung cancer. Using soluble excipients as microspheres (MS) matrix, respirable MS embedding chitosan-coated poly(d,l-lactide-co-glycolide) nanoparticles (CNP-MS) for 2-methoxyestradiol (2-ME) were designed, which could avoid macrophage phagocytosis to achieve the targeted delivery of these drugs. 2-ME CNP-MS were prepared by spray-drying and characterized by morphology, redispersability, fine particle fraction (FPF) and drug release. Cytotoxicity, and lung deposition and histological examination were investigated. Results showed that 2-ME CNP-MS were spherical with a rough surfaces, exhibiting good redispersability, a high respirable fraction and sustained release characteristics. CNP-MS markedly enhanced the cytotoxicity of 2-ME by approximately 8.8-fold and 3.65-fold on SPC-A1 cells compared to solution and NP, respectively. After pulmonary administration, 2-ME CNP were distributed in rat lungs and for 10 mg of 2-ME CNP-MS, haematoxylin and eosin staining showed no obvious difference compared to the untreated control group. Therefore, CNP-MS revealed suitable features for local lung delivery and significantly enhanced cytotoxicity of 2-ME without obvious inflammation in lungs of rats, suggesting that 2-ME CNP-MS have great potential as an inhalation agent for targeted, highly effective and safe treatment of lung cancer. Keywords Cytotoxicity, fine particle fraction, in vivo, inflammation, local lung delivery, spray-drying”
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