Thursday, June 19, 2014

Mal-PEG-PLGA for crossing Blood-Brain-Barrier as Alzheimer’s treatment

PolySciTech (www.polyscitech.com) provides a variety of PLGA-PEG-Maleimide reactive precursors (PolyVivo AI20, AI53, etc.) for conjugation to peptides and other targeting moieties. Recent research has shown that functionalization of these polymers with lactoferrin allows for transportation of the polymersomes across the blood brain barrier. Read more: Yu, Yuan, Xinguo Jiang, Shuyu Gong, Liang Feng, Yanqiang Zhong, and Zhiqing Pang. "The proton permeability of self-assembled polymersomes and their neuroprotection by enhancing a neuroprotective peptide across the blood–brain barrier after modification with lactoferrin." Nanoscale 6, no. 6 (2014): 3250-3258. http://pubs.rsc.org/EN/content/articlehtml/2014/nr/c3nr05196j

“Abstract: Biotherapeutics such as peptides possess strong potential for the treatment of intractable neurological disorders. However, because of their low stability and the impermeability of the blood–brain barrier (BBB), biotherapeutics are difficult to transport into brain parenchyma via intravenous injection. Herein, we present a novel poly(ethylene glycol)–poly(D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) polymersome-based nanomedicine with self-assembled bilayers, which was functionalized with lactoferrin (Lf-POS) to facilitate the transport of a neuroprotective peptide into the brain. The apparent diffusion coefficient (D*) of H+ through the polymersome membrane was 5.659 × 10−26 cm2 s−1, while that of liposomes was 1.017 × 10−24 cm2 s−1. The stability of the polymersome membrane was much higher than that of liposomes. The uptake of polymersomes by mouse brain capillary endothelial cells proved that the optimal density of lactoferrin was 101 molecules per polymersome. Fluorescence imaging indicated that Lf101-POS was effectively transferred into the brain. In pharmacokinetics, compared with transferrin-modified polymersomes and cationic bovine serum albumin-modified polymersomes, Lf-POS obtained the greatest BBB permeability surface area and percentage of injected dose per gram (%ID per g). Furthermore, Lf-POS holding S14G-humanin protected against learning and memory impairment induced by amyloid-β25–35 in rats. Western blotting revealed that the nanomedicine provided neuroprotection against over-expression of apoptotic proteins exhibiting neurofibrillary tangle pathology in neurons. The results indicated that polymersomes can be exploited as a promising non-invasive nanomedicine capable of mediating peptide therapeutic delivery and controlling the release of drugs to the central nervous system.”


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