Wednesday, April 16, 2014

PLGA nanoparticles that promote immune response against cancer

PolySciTech (www.polyscitech.com) provides a variety of PLGA type polymers. Recently these kinds of polymers were utilized to generate a nanoparticle delivery system to deliver a combination of siRNA for immumosuppressive gene and tumor antigens to enhance immune response against tumor cells for chemotherapeutic applications.  Read more: Heo, Min Beom, Mi Young Cho, and Yong Taik Lim. "Polymer nanoparticles for enhanced immune response: Combination delivery of tumor antigen and siRNA for immunosuppressive gene to dendritic cells." Acta biomaterialia (2014). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actbio.2013.12.050

“Abstract: In this study, we report on polymer nanoparticles (NPs) that can induce an enhanced immune response in dendritic cell (DC)-based cancer immunotherapy by the combined delivery of tumor antigen and small interference RNA (siRNA) for the immunosuppressive gene to DCs. DCs are specialized antigen-presenting cells (APCs) that capture, process and present antigens and induce an antigen-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte response. Because the suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1) is a negative regulator of the APC-based immune response, the inhibition of SOCS1 gene expression is essential for DCs to enhance antigen-specific anti-tumor immunity. Multifunctional poly(lactide-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) NPs that can deliver tumor antigen and siRNA for immunosuppressive SOCS1 genes to DCs simultaneously were fabricated by the emulsion solvent evaporation method. We have found that the encapsulation efficiency of small-sized and hydrophilic SOCS1 siRNA into hydrophobic PLGA matrix is drastically enhanced by the help of a tumor model antigen such as ovalbumin (OVA), and the encapsulation efficiency of siRNA in PLGA (SOCS1 siRNA only) NPs and PLGA (OVA/SOCS1 siRNA) NPs was2% and 57.6%, respectively. PLGA (OVA/SOCS1 siRNA) NPs were efficiently taken up by bone-marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDCs) and showed no detectable toxic effect. The knockdown of SOCS1 in BMDCs by PLGA (OVA/SOCS1 siRNA) NPs enhanced pro-inflammatory cytokine (tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-12 and IL-2) expression. Additionally, PLGA (OVA/SOCS1 siRNA) NP-treated BMDCs could elicit an immune response through cross-presentation in OVA-specific CD8 T cells that express IL-2 cytokine. Taken together, the combined delivery of NPs that can deliver both tumor antigen and immunosuppressive gene siRNA to BMDCs simultaneously could be a potent strategy to enhance immunotherapeutic effects in BMDC-based cancer therapy.”

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